In the spring of 1882, French Baron Amadeus Marie Paul de Piellat led the first penitential pilgrimage to Jerusalem. It was called the Grand Caravan de Mille: the Pilgrimage of the Thousand. Anxious to atone for their sins, 1,000 rich, devout French Catholics made the trip to the Holy City.
Unfortunately, there were not, as yet, suitable overnight accommodations in Jerusalem for such a large group. So de Piellat pitched tents on land he owned just outside the Old City walls, next to the hospital he had founded a few years earlier (see At Crusader-themed French Hospital, patients of all faiths find joy amid their suffering). Which was lucky, for the wind that rocked their tents and the rain that leaked inside caused quite a few of them to become ill.