US prisoners released from Iran, en route to Switzerland

US Secretary of State John Kerry speaks to journalists about his negotiations with Iran upon his arrival from Vienna at Joint Base Andrews in Washington on January 17, 2016. (AFP / POOL / KEVIN LAMARQUE)

timesofisrael

Iranian-American citizens freed by Iran in a prisoner swap with the United States have left Tehran and are flying to Bern in Switzerland, Iranian and US officials said Sunday.

A charter plane left Tehran for Switzerland with the Americans — all four who had been detained, according to Iran state television, or only three, the US said — as part of a prisoner swap.

US officials said Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian, former US Marine Amir Hekmati, and pastor Saeed Abedini were on the flight, but not Nosratollah Khosravi-Roodsari. But Iran said he had taken off, too. The discrepancy could not immediately be reconciled.

“Those who wished to depart Iran have left,” according to a senior US official, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the matter and privacy concerns for the families.

Jason Rezaian, an Iranian-American correspondent for The Washington Post, smiles as he attends a presidential campaign of President Hassan Rouhani in Tehran, Iran, April 11, 2013. (AP/Vahid Salemi, File)

Jason Rezaian, an Iranian-American correspondent for The Washington Post, smiles as he attends a presidential campaign of President Hassan Rouhani in Tehran, Iran, April 11, 2013. (AP/Vahid Salemi, File)

The Post’s publisher, Frederick J. Ryan, Jr., said in a statement, “We are relieved that this 545-day nightmare for Jason and his family is finally over.

Hekmati’s family said “it is hard to put into words what our family feels right now.”

According to reports, after arrival in Switzerland, the four are to be transferred to a US military base in Landstuhl, Germany, for medical treatment.

Amir Hekmati, a former U.S. Marine held in Iran over the past two years on accusations of spying for the CIA. (photo credit: Hekmati family/FreeAmir.org)

Amir Hekmati, a former U.S. Marine held in Iran over the past two years on accusations of spying for the CIA. (photo credit: Hekmati family/FreeAmir.org)

In exchange, Washington said it had granted clemency to seven Iranians, six of whom are dual US-Iranian citizens, and dropped charges against 14 more.

US Secretary of State John Kerry said he would remain at work on other Americans still being held in Iran.

The exchange did not cover Siamak Namazi, an Iranian-American businessman who advocated better ties between Iran and the U.S. and who reportedly was arrested in October, or former FBI agent Robert Levinson, who disappeared in Iran in 2007 on an unauthorized CIA mission.

Asked if Levinson was dead or alive, Kerry said, “We have no idea.”

The exchange eases a leading irritant as the two countries gingerly explore prospects for a smoother relationship after decades of hostility — even as they remain sharply at odds on other fronts.

A fifth American, student Matthew Trevithick was released independently of the larger swap, and already had headed home.

In turn, the US was pardoning or dropping charges against seven Iranians — six of whom are dual US-Iranian citizens — accused or convicted of violating US sanctions.

Three were serving prison terms and received a commutation or pardon. Three others were awaiting trial; the last one made a plea agreement.

In addition, the US was dropping drop Interpol “red notices” — essentially arrest warrants — on 14 Iranian fugitives it has sought, officials said.

The seven Iranians to be freed by the US are Nader Modanlou, Baharam Mekanik, Khosrow Afghahi, Arash Ghahraman, Touraj Faridi, Nima Golestaneh, and Ali Sabounchi, according to Iran’s judiciary and the state broadcaster.

Tehran’s ambassador to the United Nations said Switzerland played a “positive role” in almost a year of efforts for the prisoner swap.

“It took almost a year and naturally the government of Switzerland as a facilitating country played a positive role in these negotiations,” Gholam Ali Khoshroo told state television.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon welcomed the news that the Americans and Iranians had been released, commending “moves by the governments of both countries to improve ties.”

He added that he was “heartened by the lifting of sanctions against Iran” as part of a landmark nuclear deal reached last year.

“Now is the moment to push the cooperation on other pressing challenges through dialogue, which should continue to guide the way toward a safer future,” he said.

Kerry said one of the last hiccups that delayed the departure of the Americans was an Iranian military official’s misunderstanding about Washington Post reporter Jason Rezaian’s mother.

The deal specifically permitted her to accompany Rezaian on the flight. After Kerry spoke to Zarif, that problem was solved.

But the various administrative holdups meant that the Swiss crew set to fly the plane ran into a mandatory crew rest. That set back takeoff several hours.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (C) arrives to parliament ahead of presenting the proposed annual budget in the capital Tehran, on January 17, 2016, after sanctions were lifted under Tehran's nuclear deal with world powers. (AFP / ATTA KENARE)

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (center) arrives at parliament ahead of presenting the proposed annual budget in Tehran on January 17, 2016, after sanctions were lifted under Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers. (AFP/Atta Kenare)

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said in a statement that skeptics who said a nuclear deal with world powers would not bring benefits to Iran “were all proven wrong.

“Within a few hours” of the nuclear deal being implemented and sanctions lifted, “1,000 lines of credit were opened by various banks,” Rouhani told reporters in Tehran.

“This showed that those who used to say, ‘Do not believe’ were mistaken.”

Earlier in the day, Rouhani said the official implementation of the landmark nuclear deal had satisfied all parties except Israel and hardliners in the US.

“In (implementing) the deal, all are happy except Zionists, warmongers, sowers of discord among Islamic nations and extremists in the US. The rest are happy,” Rouhani told the Iranian parliament in an address broadcast live on state television.

The negotiations over the American detainees grew out of the Iran nuclear talks. In discussions in Europe and elsewhere, Kerry and nuclear negotiator Wendy Sherman were able to establish a separate channel of talks that would focus on the US citizens.

But that channel was kept separate from the nuclear conversations. American officials didn’t want the citizens used as leverage in the nuclear talks, and didn’t want to lose their possible release if the talks failed to produce an agreement.

Kerry said the prisoner swap and almost simultaneous implementation of the nuclear deal raise the prospects of increased U.S.-Iranian cooperation on other matters.

Zarif, Kerry said, made it clear that if they got the two tasks done, “there are ways to try to translate this and hopefully be constructive in other things. He specifically said Syria and Yemen.”

“I put a big, ‘Who knows?'” on that, Kerry said, but expressed hope.

Kerry said US officials hashed out the prisoner exchange over 11 or 12 meetings with the Iranians. At times, the Americans thought a deal was set, only to get stuck on the details.

After almost constant conversation over the last few days, they finally did settle it.

Kerry said the nuclear agreement provided the key impetus.

Just before Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, announced the July 14 accord with his European Union counterpart, Kerry again raised the issue of the detained Americans.

A photograph of him speaking with Zarif and Iranian President Hasan Rouhani’s brother, Hossein Fereydoun, captured the moment.

Things progressed significantly by a November meeting in Vienna on Syria’s civil war, when, for the first time, Iran was included in the discussions. Kerry and Zarif met on the sidelines of the talks to discuss the prisoners.

“We actually shook hands thinking we had an agreement,” Kerry said. “I thought it was done.”

But the deal bogged down in Tehran and never went through. “So we went back to work,” Kerry said.

He described the negotiations as difficult, especially as the Iranians made what he said were unacceptable demands. Kerry said the United States made it clear that it would not release a hardened criminal such as an accused murderer or someone with a narcotics record.

“For a long time, this didn’t move because of the people they were asking for,” Kerry recalled. “We said, ‘No, and no, and no.'”

“And believe me, it’s hard when somebody says to you, ‘Hey, you give us this guy, we let them all out.’ And you have to say no. And you know you’re keeping people in a not very nice place for the next whatever number of months,” he said.

“But there have to be an enforcement of our principles and our standards here. And in the end, we came out in the right place on that.”

More progress was made by Kerry’s meeting with Zarif on Dec. 18 in New York. By then, American and Iranian teams in Geneva were working hard on the details of the swap.

The US was prepared to release individuals who violated nuclear-related sanctions on Iran, Kerry said. By Saturday night, those penalties were no longer in effect.

“In the end, the president made the call,” he said.

Talking to reporters in his plane after landing Sunday morning at Andrews Air Force Base, Kerry said he had hoped to meet the returning Americans in Switzerland.

But after the nuclear talks moved to Vienna and dragged on, he decided to send the lead negotiator on the matter, Brett McGurk, and State Department aide Patrick Kennedy, to await the Americans’ arrival.

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